Impact Of Illegal Small Scale Mining Galamsey On Cocoa
In Ghana, illicit artisanal mining locally known as Galamsey A compound word derived from gather and sell is rapidly increasing, making it a major driver of freshwater pollution, deforestation, forest and land degradation. It employs about one million people and supports approximately 4.5 million more McQuilken and Hilson, 2016. Between 2015 and 2018, galamsey-driven deforestation increased from 13,456 hectares to 29,275 hectares. As of 2018, the total extent of forest degradation in protected forest reserves affected by galamsey was about 1058 ha.